Home Dehradun Compensation hiked for loss of life in human-wildlife conflict

Compensation hiked for loss of life in human-wildlife conflict

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By ARUN PRATAP SINGH
DEHRADUN, 20 Jan: Following the announcement by Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami, the government has raised the compensation payable to the victims or their kin in cases of losses due to humanwildlife conflicts in the state which of late has escalated in the state. As per the government Notification of Human Wildlife Conflict Relief Distribution Fund Rules 2024 which has been finally released, the compensation amount to the victims has been increased from Rs 4 lakh to Rs 6 lakh.
As per the notification, higher compensation will also be payable to the victims for damage caused to crops, houses and domestic animals by wild animals. A nine-member committee will be constituted under the chairmanship of the Chief Conservator of Forests to manage compensation for damage caused by wild animals. Under the supervision of this committee, Rs 20 lakh each will be sent to the accounts of all forest divisions as the Revolving Fund. It has further been decided that in case of donations by any organisation, company or individuals towards this fund, Income Tax exemption shall be granted under the Income Tax Act.
It has further been decided that after confirmation by local public representatives and forest department personnel, 30 per cent of the total compensation due on loss of human life and 20 per cent compensation on loss of domestic animal life will be paid to the victim families within 48 hours. At the same time, information about the incident of loss of crops will have to be given in writing to the local forest officer within two days, and after investigation, the balance compensation will have to be paid within 15 days. The compensation amount will come from the State Disaster Response Fund and Human Wildlife Conflict Relief Distribution Fund.
Some more species of wild animals have been added to the present list of wild animals, regarding which compensation will be paid in case of death, injury or any other damage caused by them. These wild animals include tigers, leopards, snow leopards, wild elephants, all three species of bears, hyenas, wild boars, crocodiles, ghariyals, snakes, bees, wasps, langurs and monkeys. Compensation will be paid in case of damage to crops due to wild elephants, wild boars, Nilgais, deer including kakad, sambar and chital, langurs and monkeys. Compensation will also be payable in case of damage to the houses or property by wild elephants and bears of all three species found in the state.
However, it has been made clear that in case someone, in the greed of compensation, sends his family member or other person who is elderly, uninsured, disabled or mentally unbalanced to the forest, then he will not get compensation. Instead, a case will be registered if the compensation claim is confirmed to be illegal.
As per the notification that has been issued, in case of loss of human life, ex-gratia amount of Rs 6 lakh will be paid, in case of critical injury due to attack by the wild animals, an amount of Rs 1 lakh will be paid and in case of ordinary injury an amount of Rs 15 to 16,000 shall be paid. In case of partial disablement, an amount of Rs 1 lakh will be paid while in case of total disablement, an amount of Rs 3 lakh will be paid. It has also been made clear that in case of injury, those receiving treatment under Ayushman Bharat scheme will not be eligible for compensation.
The notification further states that in case of loss to animal life due to attack by wild animals, compensation will be paid at the rate of Rs 37,000 in case of cow, buffalo, jabu and jumo (found in higher altitudes only), Rs 5,000 will be paid in case of loss of goats, sheep or pigs. Rs 32,000 will be paid in case of loss of camel, horse or bull etc. In case of loss of calf, mule, donkey heifer or a pony, compensation will be paid at the rate of Rs 20,000 each. For buffalo of three years or older, compensation will be paid at the rate of Rs 37,000 and for horse and mule of three years or more, Rs 40,000 will be paid. For bulls of three years or higher of age, a compensation of Rs 32,000 will be paid while in case of loss of calf of cow or baby of buffalo, Rs 20,000 will be paid.
Compensation has also been raised for loss of crops due to wild animals like elephants, bears, wild boars, nilgai or deer of various species or monkeys. For loss of entire crop of Sugarcane due to elephants, compensation will be paid at the rate of Rs 25,000 per acre. For loss of Paddy, wheat, oilseeds entire crop, compensation will be paid at the rate of Rs 15,000 per acre, while in case of damage to all other crops, compensation will be paid at the rate of Rs 8,000 per acre.

Compensation against damage to the houses or other properties due to wild elephant and bear of all three species, compensation of Rs 1,50,000 will be paid in case of total loss to pucca house, and Rs 1,30,000 in case of total damage of a kuccha house. For partial damage to the house, compensation of Rs 20,000 will be paid in case of pucca or kaccha house. In case of huts, an amount of Rs 8,000 will be paid. Damage to the boundary wall of a pucca house or partial damage to the house will be compensated at the rate of Rs 15,000.