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Crucial Role of Foundational Literacy


Primary education forms the bedrock of a child’s academic journey and future prospects. Foundational literacy and numeracy are the building blocks that pave the way for a child’s overall development and success in later stages of education. Importance of foundational literacy and numeracy¬†in remote villages of India, especially in Uttarakhand, as well as access to quality education remains a persistent challenge. By equipping children with essential reading, writing and mathematical skills, foundational education opens doors to a better future, empowering them to escape the cycle of poverty and contribute to their communities. Literacy and numeracy form the basis of critical thinking and problem-solving abilities. Children who possess these skills are better prepared to face challenges and make informed decisions in their lives.

Basic language skills enable children to express themselves effectively, making them active participants in their communities and society as a whole. Foundational education acts as a leveling tool, bridging the gap between rural and urban areas and reducing social disparities.

Village schools often lack adequate educational resources such as textbooks, teaching aids, and technology, making it challenging for teachers to create an engaging learning environment.

It is difficult for teachers to cater to individual learning needs effectively. Teachers in village schools may not receive adequate training and support to effectively teach foundational literacy and numeracy. The emphasis on rote learning rather than interactive teaching methods further hampers learning outcomes in the remote hilly areas, leading to irregular attendance and increased dropout rates. Experts feel that professional development opportunities, acknowledging and appreciating¬†teachers’ efforts in their roles by providing incentives, awards and recognition for exceptional performance, targeted training programmes¬†focused on foundational literacy and numeracy, providing teachers with practical strategies to address diverse learning needs and implementing regular assessments to identify areas of improvement for teachers, along with constructive feedback and support to help them grow professionally is the effective way forward. By recognising the importance of these skills and addressing the challenges faced by teachers, we can pave the way for a brighter future for the children of Uttarakhand for which immediate steps are required as time waits for no one.